Hydrogen (H2) is a colorless, odorless, combustible gas. Hydrogen gas is considered to be one of the most important energy sources of the future. Hydrogen is one of the cleanest alternative fuels. This type of fuel emits a minimum amount of CO2. Hydrogen vehicles are produced by various manufacturers. Moreover, a great number of hydrogen filling stations is operating in Germany, Italy and Denmark.
According to the data of the year 2018, published by the authoritative annual automotive industry KPMG research combining the opinion of many market professionals, the increase of hydrogen-powered cars will be the most notable tendency in the entire automotive industry by 2025.
The hydrogen engines were noted to be the most significant tendency of the automotive industry by every second (52 per cent) interviewed professional. Perspectives of these engines are assessed more and more favorably with each year. As a comparison, in an analogous research conducted in the year 2017, this technology was noted as the third, and in the year 2016 as the fifth most significant tendency.
Unlike electric cars, hydrogen vehicles have one significant advantage - the possibility to adapt to the existing filling stations. Whereas, according to the research, the infrastructure of electric car charging stations is still not properly developed. Hybrid cars are also favorably considered as a transitional technology.
Hydrogen technologies for vehicles already in use in Lithuania!
The buses of the Marijampole, Telsiai and Ukmerge bus fleets use up to 10% of hydrogenated natural gas.
Company SG dujos Auto belonging to corporate group SG dujos has been engaged in exploration of alternative fuels since the year 2012, i.e. from the moment when the Laboratory for the Experimental Research of Hydrogen as Fuel or Fuel Additive, Eco-friendly Fuel Additives and Fuel Systems was established in Pabrade. It is the first laboratory of such type in Lithuania and it is also considered unique throughout Eastern and Northern Europe. This laboratory employs the team of scientists from Vilnius Gediminas Technical University which successfully studies the possibilities of hydrogenation of natural gas, cooperates in the field of scientific research and develops technologies for global concern Scania.
Various models of hydrogen use for daily transport needs are explored in the laboratory by replacing up to 20% of natural gas by hydrogen.